Into a new calendar year and more than half way through FY18, it’s a good time to take stock of the super reform issues. Here are five items for SMSF trustees to consider:
1. Is your SMSF eligible for CGT relief?
Capital Gains Tax (CGT) relief is available for SMSFs that, between 9 November 2016 and 30 June 2017, had members who:
- Took action to comply with the $1.6 million transfer balance cap, or
- Had in place a transition to retirement income stream (TRIS).
The relief is specific to FY17. Those intending to access the relief must make an election by the due date of their FY17 SMSF annual return. The ATO has announced that all SMSFs have until 2 July 2018 to lodge their FY17 SMSF annual return.
Accessing the CGT relief may have tax consequences, particularly for SMSFs using the unsegregated or proportionate method to claim tax exemption on current pension income in FY17. The proportionate method is available to SMSFs in pension and accumulation phase that use an actuary to determine the percentage of fund income that is tax exempt.
2. Retired and under age 65
If you have reached your preservation age but are under age 65, being ‘retired’ can be important especially if you are currently receiving a TRIS. From 1 July 2017, the income earned on fund investments paying a TRIS will be taxed at 15% if it is not in a ‘retirement phase’. Previously such income was tax exempt.
The removal of the tax exemption has created a distinction between a ‘TRIS in retirement phase’ and a ‘TRIS not in retirement phase’. A TRIS in retirement phase is exempt from tax on any income earned on fund investments that support it. However, the value of a TRIS in retirement phase is counted against the member’s transfer balance cap.
A TRIS moves from not being in retirement phase to retirement phase if the fund has been notified that the member is totally and permanently disabled, is terminally ill, or has reached their preservation age but is under age 65 and has ‘retired’. If the fund has not been notified of one of these events, it will remain a ‘TRIS not in retirement phase’.
The notion of retirement for some may mean the gold watch, a retirement party or an oversized ‘Sad to see you go’ card – but under the super law it is quite different. Retirement for super purposes depends on retirement age, your intentions and ceasing work. Anyone who is between 60 and 65 is considered to have ‘retired’ when an employment arrangement has ceased.
David is aged 61 and is an employee for company A. He receives a better employment offer from Company B and so resigns from Company A. He finishes on a Friday with Company A and starts with Company B on the following Monday. In David’s mind, he’s changed jobs, but, under superannuation law, he has retired.
If David was receiving a TRIS, such an event would result in his TRIS becoming a ‘TRIS in retirement phase’, which means the fund will be tax exempt on the earnings allocated to the TRIS and it will count towards David’s transfer balance cap. Consequently, it is important for David to notify his fund that such an event has occurred. In an SMSF context, this may mean notifying his fund accountant or service provider that he has retired.
3. The reduced concessional contribution cap
The concessional contribution cap for everyone, no matter their age, is $25,000 for FY18. If you have salary sacrifice arrangements in place, check that no more than $25,000 in employer and personal deductible contributions will be made to super in FY18.
There are changes proposed which, effective 1 July 2018, will remove salary sacrifice contributions from offsetting an employer’s Superannuation Guarantee liability, which in turn may result in additional contributions being included under the reduced cap.
4. Split contributions where it makes sense to do so
With the introduction of the transfer balance cap, consider longer-term strategies designed to equalise balances between couples. The ability to split up to 85% of concessional contributions from one spouse to another can help equalise members’ accounts over time. The current concessional cap of $25,000 allows a spouse to effectively allocate $21,250 to the other spouse in the financial year after the contribution has been made. This strategy can provide some estate planning benefits.
One of the benefits of equalising account balances between spouses is that it may assist in keeping one or both spouses under the non-concessional cap thresholds.
Rob has concessional contributions of $25,000 made to his SMSF in FY18. He has a total super balance of just under $1.4 million and decides to split 85% of the concessional contributions during FY19 to his spouse, Narelle, who has a total super balance of more $1.6 million. By keeping the total super balance below $1.4 million, Rob is able to access the ‘two year bring forward’ rule if he wishes to maximise non-concessional contributions, provided all the other conditions are met.
5. Estate planning
Any estate plan should be regularly reviewed so it meets a family’s changing needs and wishes. The introduction of the super reforms is a trigger to review the appropriateness of estate plans, even when not affected by the $1.6 million transfer balance cap. A couple with combined transfer balance account balances of more than $1.6 million could have an estate plan that is now out of date with their wishes. This may be due to the restricted amount that can be retained in retirement phase.
Dust off that estate plan, have a read, and consider its appropriateness.
Mark Ellem is Executive Manager, SMSF Technical Services at SuperConcepts, a leading provider of innovative SMSF services, training and administration. This article is for general information only and does not consider the circumstances of any individual.