Here we go again. Let’s breathlessly ignore the blindingly obvious for the sake of a good headline.
Each quarter, the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) releases the asset allocation figures for SMSFs, and like moths to a flame, journalists, PR firms and analysts are drawn to incorrect interpretations. The stories ignore the logic, as shown in Let’s debunk this myth about SMSFs and global shares.
After the recently released June 2015 data, the analysis again went like this:
“With less than 1 per cent of assets invested in overseas equities, criticism has arisen that SMSFs are ‘underdone’ internationally and not taking advantage of an important foreign exchange risk buffer.” – Major national newspaper repeating article in leading investment newsletter.
“SMSFs are on the verge of a diversification disaster, as trustees pump record amounts into Australian cash investments while ignoring good value overseas assets, it has been claimed … SMSFs have just $1.8 billion invested in overseas shares (less than one per cent of their total portfolios), and even less in offshore managed investments and offshore property ($533 million and $329 million respectively).” – PR release also picked up by leading industry newsletter.
(I have deliberately not identified the sources because Cuffelinks is a friendly publication not eager to make enemies, but I am not inventing this material. It happens every quarter).
Dozens of global investment managers operate in Australia, including the most popular in Magellan and Platinum, plus global Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) and Listed Investment Companies (LICs), managing billions of dollars in global equities, and despite $590 billion in total SMSF assets, only $1.8 billion is in global equities. It’s clearly impossible.
The only way to settle this was to interview the ATO.
What does the ATO say?
The person responsible for collecting statistics at the ATO is Nathan Burgess, Director of Income Tax and Regulatory Risk. He confirmed that the $1.8 billion listed under ‘Overseas shares’ in the ATO Report is only the direct share investments held by SMSFs on overseas exchanges. Nathan said, “When we have spoken to many SMSF trustees, they say they would rather invest through domestic investment vehicles than directly on overseas exchanges.”
The ATO only looks at the first point of domicile of the investment vehicle, and the vast majority of global shares are held in domestic vehicles.
He identified three other categories in the ATO Report where other global equities might be held:
- Listed trusts, total value $23.3 billion, listed on the ASX and including LICs and ETFs that hold global equities
- Unlisted trusts, total value $52.5 billion, including managed funds on platforms
- Other managed investments, value $29.4 billion.
The total of these three categories is $105.2 billion or 17.8% of SMSF assets.
Mr Burgess told me: “It’s fair to say a substantial amount is in international equities, much larger than the number quoted under the ‘Overseas shares’ category.”
The global allocation by SMSFs is “STRONGLY UNDERSTATED”
The ATO Director said it is not possible to put an exact number on the global allocation, because, “We don’t do a look-through to the final assets.”
In fact, he went further and said that the ATO prefers SMSFs to invest in domestic vehicles, because the ATO would rather monitor vehicles “located within our jurisdiction.”
“It gives the ATO the chance to interrogate and deal with local investment people. We like to know where the original money is controlled. We are interested in people located within our jurisdiction, under our overview and rules.”
He also said most of the global real estate investment is done through local investment trusts, and again, this is welcome because there are risks in individual trustees buying property overseas.
When I showed him some of the articles making claims about SMSFs investing in global equities, he repeated that the ATO only looks at the first point of domicile of the vehicles, and that the assumptions in my previous article are correct.
So what is the correct number?
Nobody knows the correct number, not even the person in the ATO in charge of collecting the statistics. But he has talked to many SMSF trustees in the supervisory and risk role, and confirmed substantial allocations to global equities.
My best guess is about 10% (which is still underweight compared with institutional balanced funds). When I spoke to three SMSF administrators, they reported numbers of 5%, 14% and 20%. It probably depends on the type of customers serviced. An administrator who targets financial advisers will see a larger allocation to the managed funds recommended by advisers.
A broker wrote to me after the last article, stating: “Of the total share portfolio data we have for 15,000 SMSFs, global exposure is less than 1% (via ETFs and LICs). If you talk to an administrator dealing with primarily self-directed funds (50-80% of the market), their allocation to managed funds is negligible and their portfolios look a lot like ours (ie massive skew to top 20 stocks, almost exclusive AUD bias).”
Despite the focus on ETFs, their total size in Australia is only $17 billion, according to BetaShares. Retail managed funds hold $730 billion and wholesale managed funds $820 billion, according to Plan for Life, so that’s where most of the global equities are. It is unlikely to be correct that up to 80% of SMSFs have ‘negligible’ exposure to managed funds.
Mr Burgess was unwilling to guess the correct allocation beyond saying that only looking at the “Overseas shares” category is “strongly understated”. We welcome any other SMSF service provider giving more insights.
Of course, many SMSFs do have low allocations to global equities, but there are 556,998 SMSFs with 1,049,840 trustees. The ‘less than 1%’ articles are way off the mark for the SMSF market as a whole. Often, the authors are either talking their book to make a case for global investing, or jumping to the wrong conclusions.
Graham Hand is Editor of Cuffelinks.